To build the replica of the HMS Beagle we have implemented all our skills and abilities acquired in the last twenty years of shipbuilding and especially in the last five years, while we were building three historical replicas such as “Nao Victoria”, “James Caird”, “Goleta Ancud “using traditional techniques of wooden boatbuilding with modern tools:
To build the full size replica of the HMS Beagle we have put our skills and abilities acquired in the last twenty years of shipbuilding whilst we were building three historical ship replicas, such as “Nao Victoria”, the “James Caird”, and the “Goleta Ancud “using traditional techniques of wooden boatbuilding with modern tools.
For the most important parts of the structure (stem, stern and frames) a timber, as oak, having a good density and ideal curvature is choosen. While parts of long length, keel and keelson, are to be done in a timber that has ideal dimensions as eucalyptus or cypress.
The timber is stored outdoors enough time to reach the required moisture degree.
Before beginning the construction process, a table is used as gauge to draw each piece in its actual size.
Construction begins with the keel, which bind stem (bow) and stern (aft). These three pieces are affirmed by bolts, delivering rigidity.
At first the two thords frames are positioned, respectively to the fore and aft third of the total lenght of the keel. Then adding all the frames that are needed depending on the size of the boat. In larger sized boats, the frames are sealed all together to the keel by superimposing a keelson.
As bind frames, side to side at deck level, the beams that will endure the strenght of the swells are attached..
The hull is brought from the draft; (from the top to the water line), and then from the keel to the waterline.
openings through the hull are caulked by placing tar-soaked oakum between the planks.
A 120 tons of Magellan Lenga (Nothofagus pumilio) and Magellan Coigüe (Nothofagus dombeyi) are going to be used, these trees called “southern oaks” proceed from a forest management plan approved by local authorities, this being a sustainable project.
The beech, oak from Tierra del Fuego (Nothofagus pumilio), is a tree from the family of Nothofagaceae. It is a representative specie of Andean Patagonian forest in southern Chile and Argentina. It grows from the Maule to the Magellan regions in Chile, ranging from 35 to 56 ° Lat. S. and from Neuquén to Tierra del Fuego in Argentina.
The coigüe, also called coihue or oak (Nothofagus dombeyi), is a deciduous tree that grows in the Patagonia region of Argentina and Chile, in central and southern Chile lives from the VI to XII region, and from sea level to 1200 m altitude in the Andes.
For the construction of HMS Beagle replica we are using very simple tools:
three chainsaws …
two planers …
a drill …
some axes …
many presses …
some stringlines …
a cat …
a sound system to ease the mood …
and many skills ..
Deciding to invest much more in labor than tools.